Personality is a concept born out of Continental philosophy than begun in the Enlightenment period. The re-discovery of ancient Greek philosophy combined with a experimental and speculative inspiration of Eastern Asian philosophy via Arthur Schopenhauer, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger and Carl Jung and many others brought about a movement which is speculating about existential issues, motivational issues, individual differences, phenomenal qualities, subjectivity, soci..
In jungian terms, your dominant preference is your hero function: your secondary preference is your good parent, and your third preference is your inner child. Lastly, the fourth function is the "shadow". However, lots of jungian theories suggest the fourth and third function is already highly involved and important in your psyche - all four functions are more or less conscious. So is the fourth function evil? Is the third function "childish" like the Freudian Id?
Do all NFJs love the inherent exciteability and moral character of NFPs? Do all NFPs admire the inherent enthusiasm and passion of an NFJ? Carl Jung wrote extensively about the concept of an anima: and while some say the anima is the fourth function (Beebe) the anima could also be the opposing other, the shadow self. I personally think the anima/animus is the representation of the unconscious feminine in a man or the masculine in a woman: the unconscious self within us that we are trying to inte..
Recent neuroimaging evidence indicates neural mechanisms that support transient improvements in creative performance (augmented state creativity) in response to cognitive interventions (creativity cueing). Separately, neural interventions via tDCS show encouraging potential for modulating neuronal function during creative performance. If cognitive and neural interventions are separately effective, can they be combined? Does state creativity augmentation represent “real” creativity,..
Human reasoning and creativity represent perhaps the two highest evolutionary reaches of cognition. These two capacities are distinct from each other, but research on creativity in analogical reasoning has identified a point of convergence between them at one of the farthest forward and most recently evolved reaches of the brain. Analogy is a form of relational cognition because analogies form connections that relate otherwise separate concepts. Quantitative tools for measuring the semantic di..
The ability to introspect about self-performance is key to human subjective experience, but the neuroanatomical basis of this ability is unknown. Such accurate introspection requires discriminating correct decisions from incorrect ones, a capacity that varies substantially across individuals. We dissociated variation in introspective ability from objective performance in a simple perceptual-decision task, allowing us to determine whether this interindividual variability was associated with a d..
Little is known about neural mechanisms underlying human personality and temperament, despite their considerable importance as highly heritable risk mediators for somatic and psychiatric disorders. To identify these circuits, we used a combined genetic and imaging approach focused on Monoamine Oxidase A (MAOA), encoding a key enzyme for monoamine metabolism previously associated with temperament and antisocial behavior. Male carriers of a low-expressing genetic variant exhibited dysregulated a..
Abstract A consensus emerging from neuroscience is that certain brain regions show activity correlated with stimulus independent (e.g. private) conscious thought and yet are also implicated in public social processes. The fact that systems supporting social processing also exhibit activity with no obvious perceptual referent, can be seen as support for the framework suggested by Graziano and Kerber (this volume) once it is recognized that the property of stimulus independence is also an import..
The salience network (SN) is a large-scale paralimbic–limbic network anchored in the anterior insula and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex with prominent subcortical nodes in affect and reward processing systems. The SN plays a crucial role in identifying the most biologically and cognitively relevant events for adaptively guiding attention and behavior and constitutes a key interface for cognitive, homeostatic, motivational, and affective systems.