So where should we go now when the test is successfull in two cultures? We need to be to evaluate and confirm to what degree personality type descriptions fit people from the perspective of themselves (self-report) and from the perspective of others (intersubjective self-report). After that one could try to quantify categorical nonverbal cues than can be associated with certain constructs, however I'm not sure about the ethics of that route, maybe it's best left undone.
It’s very hard to make a logical case for an ontology so instead this is an attempt to articulate my current ontology of individual differences. This is to serve the basis for further investigations.
All human expressions are true expressions of personality
Personality is the totality of a persons behavior and self-experience. It is both the physiology and the psychology because there is a relationship between the physical and psychical. In this sense people are alway..
Personality is a concept born out of Continental philosophy than begun in the Enlightenment period. The re-discovery of ancient Greek philosophy combined with a experimental and speculative inspiration of Eastern Asian philosophy via Arthur Schopenhauer, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger and Carl Jung and many others brought about a movement which is speculating about existential issues, motivational issues, individual differences, phenomenal qualities, subjectivity, soci..
The oxytocin (OT) system, critically involved in social bonding, may also impinge on spirituality, which is the belief in a meaningful life imbued with a sense of connection to a Higher Power and/or the world. Midlife male participants (N&thinsp;=&thinsp;83) were randomly assigned to receive intranasal OT or placebo. In exploratory analyses, participants were also genotyped for polymorphisms in two genes critical for OT signaling, the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR rs53576) and CD38 (rs6..
The current study utilized resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine how two important non-cognitive skills, grit and growth mindset, are associated with cortico-striatal networks important for learning. Whole-brain seed-to-voxel connectivity was examined for dorsal and ventral striatal seeds. While both grit and growth mindset were associated with functional connectivity between ventral striatal and bilateral prefrontal networks thought to be important for cognitiv..
Recent neuroimaging evidence indicates neural mechanisms that support transient improvements in creative performance (augmented state creativity) in response to cognitive interventions (creativity cueing). Separately, neural interventions via tDCS show encouraging potential for modulating neuronal function during creative performance. If cognitive and neural interventions are separately effective, can they be combined? Does state creativity augmentation represent “real” creativity,..
Human reasoning and creativity represent perhaps the two highest evolutionary reaches of cognition. These two capacities are distinct from each other, but research on creativity in analogical reasoning has identified a point of convergence between them at one of the farthest forward and most recently evolved reaches of the brain. Analogy is a form of relational cognition because analogies form connections that relate otherwise separate concepts. Quantitative tools for measuring the semantic di..
The ability to introspect about self-performance is key to human subjective experience, but the neuroanatomical basis of this ability is unknown. Such accurate introspection requires discriminating correct decisions from incorrect ones, a capacity that varies substantially across individuals. We dissociated variation in introspective ability from objective performance in a simple perceptual-decision task, allowing us to determine whether this interindividual variability was associated with a d..
Little is known about neural mechanisms underlying human personality and temperament, despite their considerable importance as highly heritable risk mediators for somatic and psychiatric disorders. To identify these circuits, we used a combined genetic and imaging approach focused on Monoamine Oxidase A (MAOA), encoding a key enzyme for monoamine metabolism previously associated with temperament and antisocial behavior. Male carriers of a low-expressing genetic variant exhibited dysregulated a..