Dual-Processing Accounts of Reasoning, Judgment, and Social Cognition
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Published: 02-25-2014 04:44 pm
"This article reviews a diverse set of proposals for dual processing
in higher cognition within largely disconnected literatures in cog-
nitive and social psychology. All these theories have in common the
distinction between cognitive processes that are fast, automatic, and
unconscious and those that are slow, deliberative, and conscious. A
number of authors have recently suggested that there may be two
architecturally (and evolutionarily) distinct cognitive systems under-
lying these dual-process accounts. However, it emerges that
are multiple kinds of implicit processes described by different the-
b) not all of the proposed attributes of the two kinds of
processing can be sensibly mapped on to two systems as currently
conceived. It is suggested that while some dual-process theories are
concerned with parallel competing processes involving explicit and
implicit knowledge systems, others are concerned with the influence
of preconscious processes that contextualize and shape deliberative
reasoning and decision-making."
More general information about Dual-Process theories.