"Where people look when watching video evidence varies wildly and has profound consequences for bias in legal punishment decisions, a team of researchers at New York University and Yale Law School has found. This study raises questions about why people fail to be objective when confronted with video evidence.
In a series of three experiments, participants who viewed videotaped altercations formed biased punishment decisions about a defendant the more they looked at him. Participants punished a defendant more severely if they did not identify with his social group and punished him less severely if they felt connected to the group—but only when they looked at the defendant often."
I'm thinking that the more one can mentalize a person, imagine their qualitatively / mental state, the more the default-mode network (DMN) activates. This also deactives the Task-positive network (TPN) / Dorsal attention network (DAN) and thus replaces the mechanical analysis (rules, laws) with a social analysis (social-background, stress, etc).