This is really interesting and related to the Association dichotomy. This is my current draft for them:
Loosely related to perception, related to concepts or words or metaphors or analogies or cross-contextual meanings, indirect experience, conceptual or categorical or abstract.
Caused by connectivity to frontopolar cortex (FPC) / anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC) networks.
Information is understood by how it relates to general truths, categories, contexts, concepts, prototypes, analogies, metaphors and other associations.
Meaning is derived from how experience is related to theories, concepts, analogies, metaphors, prototypes, contexts and more. Not positivistic epistemology but not entirely interpretivistic or empirical either. More based on rationalisation.
Closely related to perception, related to sensory perception, sensory semantics, direct experience, empirical, concrete.
Caused by connectivity to parietal networks and thalamus. Information is understood by relating it to sensory-semantics wanting to rely on experience rather than concepts or theories. Meaning is derived from experience / empiricism but does not necessary rely on rules on logic so it’s no positivistic epistemology, but rather empirical or experimental epistemology.