"Thinkers vs. feelers, sensitive vs. logical, and emotional vs. rational. These differentiations are often made to categorize people into how they empathize — or how they embrace and understand other people’s feelings and perspectives. It turns out that the way you empathize can be traced back to physical differences in the brain.
Typically, empathy is placed into two separate categories: affective and cognitive empathy. The former refers to an individual’s ability to respond properly to another person’s mental or emotional state (i.e. comforting someone when they’re crying). Cognitive empathy, meanwhile, is the ability to understand someone’s mental or emotional state — a slightly more intellectual, detached version of empathizing. People with psychopathy and narcissism have been shown to have impairments in affective but not cognitive empathy."