Dual-Processing Accounts of Reasoning, Judgment, and Social Cognition

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    • Published: 02-25-2014 04:44 pm
    • http://www.ualberta.ca/~francisp/Phil488/EvansDualProcessing2008.pdf

      "This article reviews a diverse set of proposals for dual processing
      in higher cognition within largely disconnected literatures in cog-
      nitive and social psychology. All these theories have in common the
      distinction between cognitive processes that are fast, automatic, and
      unconscious and those that are slow, deliberative, and conscious. A
      number of authors have recently suggested that there may be two
      architecturally (and evolutionarily) distinct cognitive systems under-
      lying these dual-process accounts. However, it emerges that

      a) there
      are multiple kinds of implicit processes described by different the-
      orists and

      b) not all of the proposed attributes of the two kinds of
      processing can be sensibly mapped on to two systems as currently
      conceived. It is suggested that while some dual-process theories are
      concerned with parallel competing processes involving explicit and
      implicit knowledge systems, others are concerned with the influence
      of preconscious processes that contextualize and shape deliberative
      reasoning and decision-making."

      More general information about Dual-Process theories.
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